Genus Baphia refers to using the heartwood of the plant to extract a red dye. Species nitida refers to the wood having a polished surface. Ethnobotanical Uses . Widespread in west Africa, there are no major threats to this species at present. However, it is largely utilized locally throughout its range as a source of building. Kingdom: Plantae. Phylum/Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Eudicots. Order: Fabales. Family: Fabaceae. Genus: Baphia. Species: B. nitida. Common Names .

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Baphia nitida

Leaves are simple, alternately arranged, oblong-elliptic, cm long and strongly tipped. Description This is a fast-growing smallish tree that can be as tall as 5 m.

In Nigeria, Tiv people nitids the inside of a gourd prepared as a beehive with the red dye to attract a swarm to settle there and Yoruba honey-hunters rub their nittida with the dye paste to prevent bee-stings. Please view the copyright link for more information. Baphia nitida trimmed as hedge obtained from National Parks Board, Singapore. The roots are crushed, mixed with water, and skins are steeped in the dye bath, taking up the red dye within about one day.

The leaves or leaf juice are used externally against parasitic skin diseases[ ].

Elsewhere in Nigeria, the Tiv people rub it inside a gourd as an attractant when they want to catch a swarm of bees to set up a beehive. Finely ground root bark, mixed with honey, is taken against asthma. The dark red wood is extremely hard and heavy and is traditionally used to make drumsticks, mortars and pestles and the spokes of state umbrellas to keep sun and rain from dignitaries. Anti-nutritive and toxic factors in trees and shrubs used as browse.


Camwood (Baphia nitida)

By soaking the dried and ground roots in water a red liquid is obtained, which is used for painting furniture. Baphia angolensis sensu Lester-Garland Baphia barombiensis Haphia. The plant responds well to trimming and is grown as a hedge and fence[ ]. Baphia nitida wood is used for house posts, rafters, naves of wheels and utensils such as walking sticks, mortars, pestles, tool-handles and farm implements.

Externally it is applied, together with Cissus quadrangularis L. A guide to medicinal plants. Baphia nitida planted as shade tree obtained from National Parks Board, Singapore.

For dyeing purposes, the sapwood is removed from the trunk and the heartwood is sawn or cut into baphja 30—50 cm long and dried.

Baphia nitida Baphia nitida Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants.

An understorey tree in wetter parts of the coastal regions, in rainforest, in secondary forest nitjda on abandoned farmland, from sea-level up to metres[ ].

QR Code What’s this? In Benin a decoction of the leaves is nitoda against jaundice and diabetes; in combination with leaves of Morinda lucida Benth. Camwood Baphia nitidaotherwise known as African sandalwood or barwood.


Both leaves and bark are considered haemostatic and anti-inflammatory, and are used for healing sores and wounds[ ]. The wood is extremely hard, heavy and durable, close-grained and of fine texture. It was a major source of bright to dark red colours in the big European cotton-printing industries, e.

Extracts of fresh leaves inhibited digestion, showed antidiarrhoeal effects and also demonstrated analgesic activity[ ]. The ethnobotany bapbia the Kwanyama Ovambos. Phytotherapy Research 5 6: The bark and heartwood are great sources of a high quality red dye used to dye raffia nitda cotton textiles. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a jitida or link below. Baphia nitida close up of a flower obtained from National Parks Board, Singapore.

It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 24 – 30? Phytotherapy Research 6 3: In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. It was used for dark grey and black colours in the wool-cloth industry until the beginning of the 20th century.