This Thesis is written to discuss the truth of Samuel P. Huntington’s thesis about the clash civilization between Islam and West. This Theorized clash civilization. Jauh sebelum Samuel Huntington menuliskan buku TheClash of Civilization. MenurutQuthb, benturanbenturan itu terjadikarena peradaban Barat yang. Download Citation on ResearchGate | BENTURAN PERADABAN DAN CARUT- MARUT POSTMODERNISME Huntington, Samuel P
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The practice of democracy that has won out in the modern West is largely a result of a consensus that has emerged since the Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolutionand particularly in the last century or so.
Preconditions for a Fundamental Dialogue. In addition, he cites the fact that many Islamic extremists spent a significant amount of time living or studying in the Western world. In recent years, the theory of Dialogue Among Civilizationsa response nenturan Huntington’s Clash of Civilizations, has become the center of some international attention.
In Huntington’s view, East Asian Sinic civilization is culturally asserting itself and its values relative to the West due to its rapid economic growth. Core state conflicts are on a global level between the major states of different civilizations. International Politics, 39 2pp. It is to set forth descriptive hypothesis as to what the future may be like. Turkeywhose political leadership has systematically tried to Westernize the country since the s, is his chief example.
Darius, king of Persians, was the ambitious man, wishes to conquer West Asian and Greece to aggrandize her emporium and brought the Persian into the biggest in the world. The Challenges to America’s National Identity International Studies Quarterly, 45, pp.
Samuel P Huntington made a hypothesis that the fundamental source of conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. Abstract Abstract This research was to elaborate the big battles between Greece and Persian in the past called by historian as Persian War.
A longtime critic of the Huntingtonian paradigm, and an outspoken peradagan of Arab issues, Edward Said also argues that the clash of civilizations thesis is an example of “the purest invidious racism, a sort of parody of Hitlerian science directed today against Arabs and Muslims” p. More recent factors contributing to a Western—Islamic clash, Huntington wrote, are the Islamic Resurgence and demographic explosion in Islam, coupled with the values of Western universalism—that is, the view that all civilizations should adopt Western values—that infuriate Islamic fundamentalists.
Concerning this region, Huntington departs from Kitsikis contending that a civilizational fault huntingtom exists between the two dominant yet differing religions Eastern Orthodoxy and Sunni Islamhence a dynamic of external conflict.
Critics of Huntington’s ideas often extend their criticisms to traditional cultures and internal reformers who wish to modernize without adopting the values and attitudes of Western culture. Huntington’s geopolitical model, especially the structures for North Africa and Eurasia, is largely saumel from the ” Intermediate Region ” geopolitical model first formulated by Dimitri Kitsikis and published in The Persian War was took place in BC represent of this hypothesis.
Clash of Civilizations – Wikipedia
In an article explicitly referring to Huntington, scholar Amartya Sen argues:. Fault line conflicts are on a local level and occur between adjacent states belonging to different civilizations or within states that are home to populations from different civilizations. He also gives the example of Australia as a country torn between its Western civilizational heritage and its growing economic engagement with Asia.
This has been successfully demonstrated by documenting the rise of Christianity from the Hellenized Roman Empirethe rise of the Islamic caliphates from the Christianized Roman Empire and the rise of Ottoman rule from the Islamic caliphates and the Christianized Perzdaban Empire.
The great divisions among humankind and the dominating source of conflict will be cultural. According to Huntington, a torn country must meet three requirements to redefine its civilizational identity.
He offers three forms of general actions that non-Western civilization can take in response to Western countries. The Globalization of World Politics. Huntington also believes that some of the factors contributing to this conflict are that both Christianity upon which Western civilization is based and Islam are:.
These conflicts may result from a number of causes, such as: Regional powers such as the two Koreas and Vietnam will acquiesce to Chinese demands and become more supportive of China rather than attempting to oppose it. Huntington argued that future wars would be fought not between countries, but between cultures, and that Islamic extremism would become the biggest threat to world peace. In addition, the clash of civilizations, for Huntington, represents a development of history. Journal of Peace Research.
Second, the public must be willing to accept the redefinition. I, Paris, Robert Laffont,p. According to Huntington, the West is distinguished from Orthodox Christian countries by its experience of the RenaissanceReformationthe Enlightenment ; by overseas colonialism rather than contiguous expansion and colonialism; and by the infusion of Classical culture through ancient Greece rather than through the continuous trajectory of the Byzantine Empire.
Such statements should be clarified or removed. To read in this a historical commitment of the West—over the millennia—to democracy, and then to contrast it with non-Western traditions treating each as monolithic would be a great mistake.
Clash of Civilizations
Huntington sees the West as reluctant to accept this because it built the international system, wrote its laws, and gave it substance in the form of the United Nations.
A Study in the Clash of Perqdaban p. Manifestations of what he terms the ” Islamic Resurgence ” include the Iranian revolution and the first Gulf War. International Politics, 42, pp.
The civilization was one of the most influential factors as source of conflict in the past.
This page was last edited on 12 Decemberat Huntington began his thinking by surveying the diverse theories about the nature of global politics in the post-Cold War period. This research was to elaborate the big battles between Greece and Persian in the past called by historian as Persian War. Huntington believes this to be a real consequence of several factors, including the previously mentioned Muslim youth bulge and population growth and Islamic proximity to many civilizations including Sinic, Orthodox, Western, and African.
In his book Terror and LiberalismPaul Berman argues that distinct cultural boundaries do not exist in the present day.